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# Overview - Accessibility of learning material

People with disabilities are excluded from studying due to non-accessible learning material/documents and learning platforms used.

They use Assistive Technology (AT) to operate electronics devices (e.g. computer, smartphone), documents and web pages. In order for that, documents and web pages must be authored accessible and usable for them and the used AT.

# Document types
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Typically the following document types are used for learning materials.

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- MS Word
- MS Powerpoint
- pdf
- [Latex](https://www.latex-project.org/)
- Web
  - Web pages, Blogs, ...
  - Learning management systems with rich (interactive) content: [moodle](https://moodle.org/),...
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In case of Latex contents must be converted to an output format (e.g. .pdf, .html) to be usable by the reader.

# Content types

Content can be of different type, e.g.

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- Text
- Image
- Chart
- Audio
- Video
- Formula
- ...
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# Accessibility masterlist

The [accessibility masterlist](https://ds.gpii.net/learn/accessibility-masterlist) is a good starting point for the categorization of technologies helpful for certain types of disabilities.

# Overview - Formats and technologies

The table below shows a mapping between document types, standards and technologies.
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| Document type | Standards/Documentation | Technologies (authoring) | Technologies (conversion) | Evaluation |
| ------------- | ----------------------- | ------------------------ | ------------------------- | ---------- |
|
| pdf | [pdf/UA] | [pdf-tools], [axes4 Plugins](https://www.axes4.com) | |[PAC](https://www.access-for-all.ch/ch/pdf-werkstatt/pdf-accessibility-checker-pac.html)|
| doc(x) | | Office 365 integrated | ||
| ppt(x) | | | Office 365 integrated ||
| Web | [WCAG](https://levelaccess.zoom.us/recording/play/NjAwLUmOM5lEPtGYPxls_ov6H1kNqwpz4r0W-hk5WzRAN76IV3EL1h8XWyZIYeWl?startTime=1537379538000), [WCAG webinar](https://levelaccess.zoom.us/recording/play/NjAwLUmOM5lEPtGYPxls_ov6H1kNqwpz4r0W-hk5WzRAN76IV3EL1h8XWyZIYeWl), [WAI-ARIA](https://www.w3.org/WAI/standards-guidelines/aria/), [ARIA authoring practices](https://www.w3.org/TR/wai-aria-practices/),... | | |[wave](http://wave.webaim.org/)|
| [moodle-content](https://moodle.org/) |[accessible course design](https://docs.moodle.org/35/en/Accessibility#Conformance_to_standards) | | ||
| [Latex](https://www.latex-project.org/) | | | ||
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# Generic conversion technologies

In case of non-accessible documents there are frameworks and services trying to convert a given document to an accessible output format of choice.

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- [robobraille.org](http://www.robobraille.org/)
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# List of resources

The following resources are recommended for research
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- [Developer Space for AT](https://ds.gpii.net/)
- [LINK network: Teaching & Learning](http://www.thelinknetwork.eu/index.php/teaching-a-leaning)
- [Euorpean-Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education](https://www.european-agency.org/)
- [studenttoolkik.eu](https://studenttoolkit.eu/)
- [EN 301 549]
- [MOOCAP courses: Accessibillity](https://moocap.gpii.eu/?page_id=839)

[pdf/UA]: https://www.pdfa.org/publication/pdfua-in-a-nutshell/
[pdf-tools]: https://www.pdfa.org/pdfua-creation-tools/
[EN 301 549]: https://www.ag.bka.gv.at/at.gv.bka.wiki-bka/index.php/Barrierefrei:EN_301_549